Organizations Focused on Protecting Fundamental Rights of Indians

The Fundamental Rights in India enshrined in Part III (Article 12-35) of the Indian Constitution guarantee civil liberties so that all Indians can live peacefully and harmoniously as citizens of India. These are “fundamental” rights because they are the most important for development.

Individual rights common to most liberal democracies include:

  • Equality before the law.
  • Freedom of speech and expression.
  • Freedom of association and peaceful assembly.
  • Freedom to practice religion.
  • The right to constitutional remedies for civil rights protection through writs such as habeas corpus.

The Indian Penal Code punishes violations of these rights at the judiciary’s discretion.

These rights are frequently denied to people who are illiterate or unaware of their fundamental rights. Discrimination occurs based on caste, religion, economic status, parent profile, and other factors. The issue is prevalent in both urban and rural areas.

However, some non-profits are going above and beyond to ensure that every human being feels included and has the opportunity to exercise their rights.


This organization strongly believes that all genders should be treated equally. This is what motivates Jagori to fight for equality. They organized the Gender Equality Project in collaboration with Pradan and the UN Fund.

Jagori guided gender and rights perspectives on women’s livelihood and governance in this project through training, workshops, leadership programs, and advocacy. In Tanzania, Russia, and Argentina, the nonprofit collaborates with various international organizations to build cities inclusive of all genders and people, allowing them to live, work, and move freely.

The program also sought to identify and eliminate factors contributing to inequality and exclusion.

Fight Hunger Foundation

Hunger ranks first among the world’s most dangerous health risks. Hunger prevents a child from properly developing and pursuing his dreams. For many years, the Fight Hunger Foundation has been empowering underprivileged communities to free their children from the shackles of malnutrition and hunger.
This Indian non-profit promotes community-based approaches to acute malnutrition management. Severe acute malnutrition, the deadliest form of hunger, kills millions of people each year if left untreated.

The Fight Hunger Foundation works to treat and prevent malnutrition in urban and rural areas throughout India.


Prajwala (eternal flame), a pioneering anti-trafficking organization, rescues women and children from red-light districts in Southern India. The organization then provides them with high-quality education, mental health care, and training to help them adjust to new job programs. Prajwala also contributes significantly to legal, policy, and media advocacy.
They have worked to change state, national, and even international policies. The nonprofit also runs prevention programs such as holistic education in schools to raise awareness among children who may be at risk and programmes for mothers and communities.
Prajwala works to educate the public about the dangers of human trafficking and to encourage communities to speak up for victims.


Few organizations can provide underprivileged youth with a holistic, quality, inclusive college-level education to help them thrive in their careers. Navgurukul, a social enterprise founded by IIT alums, allows underprivileged youth to dream big, just like any student from a higher-income, urban family.

Navgurukul accepts poor students who cannot afford a college education and provides them with a free standard undergraduate education. They provide them with the English language and real-world skills that many of the country’s third-tier institutes do not provide.

Navgurukul only asks students to pay in installments if they have a job that pays at least Rs 15,000 per month.

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